Research helping people across DC — and around the world — lead healthier, more productive lives. Researchers, mostly atuniversities or state-funded research institutions, strive to build an understanding of the cellular, molecular, andphysiological mechanisms underlying human health and illness. More than half of all the research sponsored by the National
Institutes of Health is conducted at medical schools and teaching hospitals.
In fact, the Washington University School of Medicine is listed in the top 10 of the nations top medical schools in terms ofresearch in U.S. News and World Report. In addition to the opportunities to conduct research as an undergraduate student,many students select Washington University School of Medicine to pursue a Medical Scientist Training Program (MD/PhD) or oneof the 11 PhD programs in Biology and Biomedical Science. Our university promotes opportunities for medical students in theareas of basic, clinical, educational, and population-science research.

Washington University School of Medicine physicians and scientists work collaboratively to rapidly and efficiently translatethe results of emerging research into tools, methods, and treatments that begin benefiting patients. Vanderbilt UniversityMedical Centers strong basic science research, which is also combined with our clinical research, allows more timely andeffective translation of scientific discoveries into better healthcare outcomes for patients. NYU Langone faculty membersalso work collaboratively with other departments on studies related to comparative effectiveness, cost-effectiveness,postoperative care, behavioral economics, health information and electronic technologies, prevention and treatment of chronicdiseases and substance abuse, and immigration health.

Researchers from the division of geriatric medicine and palliative care work with the departments of neuroscience andphysiology and population health on basic science, translational research, and clinical trials to improve the care ofpatients with Alzheimers and other dementias, bone and joint conditions, diabetes, hypertension, incontinence, memory loss,and urinary tract infections. Researchers in the Diabetes Research Program investigate mechanisms of lung injury, develop
biomarkers for identifying patients at risk of adverse pulmonary outcomes, and deliver continuing care for the medicallychallenged first responder populations. Researchers in the Division of General Internal Medicine and Clinical Innovation areconducting basic and translational research and clinical trials on topics including patient safety, shared decision-making,practice management, medical education, hospital medicine, obesity, and clinical innovation.

The Genetics Medicine Research Center houses a highly multidisciplinary faculty, with almost half the physician-scientists
coming from the hospitals clinical units. The Morsani College of Medicine has robust research programs in basic,
translational, and clinical sciences. Every day, the School of Medicines faculty conduct groundbreaking research, asking the
biggest scientific questions, and making discoveries that lead to new treatments and cures.

Since the UConn School of Medicine was founded, part of its institutional fabric has been a commitment to advance science and
medical discovery through the growth of high-quality research programs. Researchers at David Geffen School of Medicine at the
University of California, Los Angeles The David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles is
redefining what is possible in the field of patient care. Our approach to treating, treating, and managing patients at
hospitals throughout the University of Maryland Health System is guided by basic research conducted in the lab.

We are developing a focus on studies that affect the lives of patients, their families, and providers in challenging
healthcare environments. We are breaking down barriers across academic disciplines, schools, and colleges, and building
multidisciplinary teams for research to advance health improvement at WVU and across America. Genomics Research The advent of
genomic medicine and the rise of personalized, predictive medicine will catalyze fundamental changes on many levels of future
healthcare systems.

The emphasis is realized by cooperative research initiatives, where basic, translational, and clinical researchers
collaborate across disciplines and specialties to uncover fundamental insights about human health and illness, and to apply
fundamental discoveries to the development of new diagnostic tools and treatments. Physicians and scientists in more than a
dozen departments and divisions at the three Mayo Clinic campuses–in Arizona, Florida, and Minnesota–are working together
through the Rehabilitation Medicine Research Center to enhance healthcare and restore function to individuals with a broad
array of disabilities. There are robust translational research programs that affect autism, mental health, behavioral
sciences and social medicine, geriatrics, and family and rural health, among other areas.

The proportion of biomedical research funded by industrial sources has grown since 1980, from 32% to 62%, which has led to
numerous life-saving medical advances. The relationships existing in the funding of biomedical research by industry are those
whereby industry is a financial backer for the academic institutions, who, in turn, hire the scientists researchers for their
research. The NIH has provided more financial support to health research than any agency worldwide to date, and claims credit
for many innovations that improved global health.

In FY2014, researchers at the SLU Medical Centers Division of Health Sciences were awarded 284 grants, contracts, and
subcontracts worth a total of $32.9 million. Medical research (or biomedical research), also known as experimental medicine,
covers a broad range of studies, ranging from basic research (also called laboratory or bench science) –involving
fundamental scientific principles that can apply to preclinical understanding–to clinical research, which involves studies
of individuals who can be subjects of clinical trials. Clinical research is usually overseen by physicians and conducted by
nurses in medical settings, such as hospitals or research clinics, and requires ethical approval.

See the Mayo Clinic physicians general internal medicine publications on PubMed, a service of the National Library of
Medicine. A new research scholar program was developed by medical students at the school, working with faculty from both SIU
and out-of-state institutions to come up with a model that would fit the curriculum. To accomplish this, the school worked
with colleagues from throughout OSU and the world to establish an intellectually rich, collegial environment for researchers
to do their best work.